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African Trypanosomiasis

The situation in Uganda

  • Both forms of HAT are endemic in Uganda separated by a thin line of <100Km
  • Risk of the merger of the two HAT forms:- complicates diagnosis & treatment
  • Risk factors for spread:- Restocking infected livestock from endemic regions, Civil unrest causing population movements and refugees.
  • Nagana is endemic in all districts
  • The tsetse flies are widely distributed
  • Animal reservoirs for HAT:-Livestock and wildlife

  

 

Bee Forage Identification, Establishment, Qualities and Management

The establishment of bee forages has a similar agronomic/Silvi-cultural practices like other plants/crops as described below;

  1. Seed bed preparation: 
  2. Sowing: 
  3. Transplanting: 
  4. Weeding: 
  5. Pruning: 
  6. Thinning: 
  7. Coppicing: 
  8. Watering: 

  

 

Benefits of Biotechnology

The aspect of technology concerned with the application of living organisms to meet the needs of man. Benefits of biotechnology include:

  • Medicine
  • Human e.g Insulin
  • Veterinary
  • Biopharming
  • Breeding for improved yields, production & productivity.
  • Disease resistance
  • Drought resistance
  • Water hyacinth degrading bacteria
  • etc

  

 

Control of Leishmania

Protozoan flagellates of the genus Leishmania are transmitted by the phlebotomine sandfly and cause different clinical forms of leishmaniasis :

  • Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is often fatal if untreated, muco-cutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL) is a mutilating disease, diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis (DCL) is disabling and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) can result in an unaesthetic stigma if multiple lesions occur. 

  

 

Controlling Ants in Bee Keeping

Other than ants, NaLIRRI has identifed many honeybee pests, including methods for their control.

As methods for controlling more individual pests are being developed, regular apiary management and hygiene remains a vital aspect in honeybee pest control.

The common ants which have invaded the bee industry in Uganda as potential pests are: the black ants, (big and small), safari ants, sugar ants and weaver ants

  

 

Effects and control of wax moth in bee industry

Wax  moth  is  one   the  most  destructive pests  in  beekeeping.  The  lay  may  eggs  in the hive and their larvae look like maggots. Both the larvae and the adults feed on the combs  and  destroy  the  wax.  The  larvae burrow into the combs leaving a soft cobweb. The destruction of combs lowers the quality of wax and lowers the productivity of  the  colony.   It  is  therefore  important that a beekeeper becomes knowledgeable about their control in order to contain the destruction they cause 

  

 

Hay Production and Utilization

Herbage availability during the wet season often exceeds animal requirements; however the accumulated forage becomes lignified and loses most of its nutritive value with maturity. The excess herbage harvested at optimum nutritive value could be conserved for dry season feeding when pasture is very scarce so as to sustain milk production. In addition to dairy farming, farmers also produce crops like maize, sorghum, cassava, sweet potatoes, beans whose by products may also be conserved. Fodder may be conserved as hay, silage or haylage. 

  

 

Honey Bee Pest Management

 There are a wide range of pest that attack honey bee thereby reducing their productivity and full potential. A bee keeper must be knowledgeable  about  these  pests  and  their management in order to go over the productivity challenges brought by these pests. Below are some of the common honey bee pests from Mid-Northern Zone and their intervention methods upon which researched has bee carried out.

  

 

Honey Harvesting and Processing

Honey is the main bee products obtained from the hives in Uganda. It is harvested in the largest quantities from the hive. It has several uses including but not limited to food, medicine, and as an ingredient in cosmetic. Good quality honey  fetches  high  price.  It  is  therefore  important that a Beekeeper becomes knowledgeable  about   harvesting  and  processing  good quality honey.

  

 

Increasing Hive Colonisation

Having many hives colonized in the apiary is every  beekeepers  wish  because  the  more hives colonized the more the honey and other  hive  products  harvested.  Nevertheless, many farmers are faced with the challenge of having  all  or  most  of  the hives  in  the  apiary colonized.  This  is  because  it  requires  some skill, labour, courage and time to achieve it.

The  information  contained  in  this  brochure gives  the  beekeeper  a  brief  on  the  several skills  and  techniques  than  can  be  used  to multiply  the  colonies  (increasing  the  rate  of hive colonisation

  

 

NARO Calf Pen Design -2015

Innovative attributes of the NARO calf pen The NARO calf pen is innovatively designed to not only provide suitable conditions for accelerated performance of dairy calves, but also to ease calf management operations particularly feeding and maintenance of good hygiene.

The design ensures sufficient aeration and protection of calves from dampness due to a raised and perforated floor. The pen provides for individual feeding of calves based on calf specific nutritional requirements.

  

 

Sweet Potato Silage Making Manual

Sweet potato  is  the  third  most  important  food  crop  after  cassava  and  bananas  in  Uganda. Currently, sweet potato is number one food crop in the Lake Victoria region.  Uganda is now the leading  producer  of  sweet potato  in  Africa,  and  second  only  to  China  in  the  world. Increased production  has  been  achieved  more  from  area  under  cultivation  than  from  increased yields, which  over  the  past  decade  have  remained  fairly  consistent  at  a  national  average  of approximately  4.5  tons per  hectare.  The  crop  has  potential  benefits  to poor farm  households and urban consumers especially when other crops fail or in specific seasons before the main harvest.

  

 

Tips to a profitable zero grazing dairy cattle enterprise book

Reducing  malnutrition  among  children and  pregnant  mothers  is  a  challenge  to many  development  workers.  One  of  the approaches  is  to  improve  production  and increase availability of milk. With the ever increasing  human  population,  however, land  holding  per  household  is  on  the decline  and,  therefore,  conventional  dairy production is becoming more difficult. This is particularly so in peri-urban settings, where families  need  milk  not  only  for  domestic consumption,  but  also  income  generation. This  scarcity  of  farmland  calls  for  highly intensive dairy farming system to increase efficiency of land utilization, thus the zero grazing system.

  

 

Water harvesting techniques for small holder dairy farmers

Water is vital to the animal’s health, growth and milk production and to all key body functions such as digestion, transporting oxygen and nutrients throughout the body. Milk comprises of about 85% water. Water enables the animals to digest both dry and fresh feeds. Lack of sufficient quality water reduces the quantity of feed consumed and digested by the animals which in turn reduce the amount of milk produced and overall animal performance. A dairy cow requires about 5 litres of water for every litre of milk it produces. Therefore a cow producing 10 litres of milk a day must drink about 50 litres/day. The amount required also depends of breed, body size, and season.